The main issue that the 13th amendment attacked, was the idea of slavery. Passed on December 6, 1865, this amendment abolished slavery in all states. In the first section of the amendment, it is stated that slavery or any involuntary labor will be abolished, unless if it is because of punishment for a crime. The second section states that congress has the power to enforce this through legislation. Although passed decades before The Civil Rights Movement, the 13th amendment marked the start of the expansion of civil rights to all people, not only whites.